Friday, August 01, 2008

Nurses' aide, or pixie?

My current favorite photo from the Eleanor Donaldson Collection we recently received: a group portrait of the Oregon Nurse Corps, World War I. Check out the cute flag girl! (click on the image for a larger version)

Thursday, July 31, 2008

Weaving a bigger digital curtain: more images online

In addition to the images of women physicians recently loaded into the OHSU Digital Resources Library, eighty-five scans of items from various collections here in Historical Collections & Archives have now been loaded into the online repository.

Included are 31 scans of drawings from the Clarice Ashworth Francone Collection;

21 images from the Melvin P. Judkins Collection;

18 images of the state's tuberculosis hospitals;

and 15 images of recent oral history interviewees and interviewers

For current digital holdings, go to the main search page at

Wednesday, July 30, 2008

Resources for the history of nursing

It's not always easy to determine from our collection information online which archival collections and other materials in the Historical Collections & Archives might be useful for a study of the history of nursing. The following list was just put together for folks at the OHSU School of Nursing, and is current as of today (but stay tuned for new receipts!)--



1998-007 Hills, Hilderbrandt and Richards Papers
Nurses with 46th General Hospital, WWII

1999-007 University of Oregon Medical School Business Office
Information on Dept. of Nursing Education fees, 1932-33, 1941-42

2000-006 Colonel Strohm's Nurses Photograph Album
Nurses with 46th General Hospital, WWII

2000-007 Charles F. Norris Photograph Album
Photographs of campus activities and people, including nurses and nursing events, ca. 1920s-1960s

2003-001 Kathryn D. Hilterbrandt Collection
Nurses with 46th General Hospital, WWII

2003-004 Naida Hoffman Collection
Nurses with 46th General Hospital, WWII

2003-006 President's Office Papers
SON administration, ca. 1970s-1980s

2004-001 Richard B. Dillehunt Photograph Album
Photographs of campus activities and people, including nurses, ca. 1918-1927

2004-002 University News and Publications Video Collection
Media clips on news stories, including nursing

2004-003 University News and Publications Print Collection
Publications produced by OHSU units, including SON

2004-008 University Relations, Public Affairs
Materials pertaining to administration of UOMS Dept. of Nursing education 1930s-1970s

2004-029 Carol A. Lindeman Collection
Papers of Dean Lindeman

2005-002 School of Nursing Collection
Records of the School

2005-003 All Hill Council Image Collection
Scrapbook of the student organization, 1988-89

2006-008 Catherine Prideaux Holmes Collection
Items belonging to 1932 graduate of the Multnomah Training School for Nurses

2008-005 UOMS Nursing Clerkship Papers
Research conducted by students in clerkships, 1943-45

2008-012 Oregon Nurses Association Records
Materials pertaining to the ONA, 1949-63

2008-013 University of Oregon Department of Nursing Records
Administrative records, 1927-1968

(Unaccessioned to date) Eleanor Donaldson Papers
Nurse with the 46th Base Hospital, WWI


#9 Barbara C. Gaines, R.N. Ed.D.
#11 May E. Rawlinson, R.N., Ph.D.
#14 Bernice Orwig Cochran
#17 Sarah E. Porter, R.N., Ph.D.
#25 Ruby Hills, Katherine (Kay) Fisher Hilterbrant, Edith Moore Richards
#26 Carol Ann Lindeman, R.N., Ph.D.
#46 Barbara Hiatt Jacob
#52 Grace Phelps Williams
#66 Bernice Jones
#67 Carol Pearson Storer
#74 Betty Weible
#98 Kathleen Potempa, R.N., D.N.Sc.
#99 Mary McFarland, Ph.D.


77-39.4.2 Nurse’s syringe with chain
77-116.1 Cold pack from the Dept. of Nursing Education
77-280.1.7 Dissection kit from the Dept. of Nursing Education
2008-3.1.4 Nursing uniform, 1965 (Linda Goodman Miller)


Images of people, places, and subjects associated with the history of OHSU, including clinical nurses, nursing students, and nursing faculty


Reference collections of ephemera such as clippings, brochures, prints and other materials; includes files on many nursing faculty as well as files on history of nursing, nursing education in Oregon and SON and its predecessor institutions


SON yearbooks, catalogs, commencement and convocation programs, alumni directories, histories and memoirs, faculty and student handbooks, accreditation documents, and other miscellaneous publications; check library catalog for complete holdings

(Collection searchable through library catalog)

Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888.
Hospital sketches / By L. M. Alcott. (Boston : J. Redpath, 1863.)

Billroth, Theodor, 1829-1894.
The care of the sick at home and in the hospital; a handbook for families and for nurses. Tr. by J.B. Endean. (London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1880?) 6th ed.

Dock, Lavinia L., 1858-1956.
Short papers on nursing subjects / by L.L. Dock. (New York : M.L. Longeway, 1900.)

Domville, Edward James.
A manual for hospital nurses and others engaged in attending on the sick / by Edward J. Domville. (Philadelphia : P. Blakiston, 1881.) 4th ed.

Donné, Alfred, 1801-1878.
Mothers and infants, nurses and nursing / by Al Donné ; translation from the French of a treatise on nursing, weaning, and the general treatment of young children. (Boston : Brown, Taggard & Chase, 1860.) 3rd ed.

Fullerton, Anna M.
A handbook of obstetric nursing for nurses, students and mothers : comprising the course of instruction in obstetric nursing given to the pupils of the training school for nurses connected with the Woman's Hospital of Philadelpia / Anna M. Fullerton. (Philadelphia : P. Blakiston's Son, 1900, c1899)

Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905.
My story of the war : a woman's narrative of four years personal experience as nurse in the Union Army, and in relief work at home, in hospitals, camps, and at the front during the war of the rebellion. With anecdotes, pathetic incidents, and thrilling reminiscences portraying the lights and shadows of hospital life and the sanitary service of the war / By Mary A. Livermore . (Hartford : A.D. Worthington and Company, 1888.)

Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910.
The Nightingale pledge. (Philadelphia : W. B. Saunders, [19--])

Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910.
Notes on nursing : what it is, and what it is not / by Florence Nightingale. (New York : D. Appleton and Company, 1860)

Storer, Horatio Robinson, 1830-1922.
On nurses and nursing : with especial reference to the management of sick women / By Dr. Horatio Robinson Storer. (Boston : Lee and Shepard, 1868.)

Weeks-Shaw, Clara S.
A text-book of nursing : for the use of training schools, families, and private students / compiled by Clara S. Weeks. (New York : D. Appleton, 1892, c1885.)

Weeks-Shaw, Clara S.
A text-book of nursing for the use of training schools, families, and private students / compiled by Clara S. Weeks-Shaw. (New York : D. Appleton, 1899, c1892.). 2nd ed., rev. and enl. with illustrations.

Wheelock, Julia S., 1833-
The boys in white : the experience of a hospital agent in and around Washington / by Julia S. Wheelock. (New York : printed by Lange & Hillman, 1870.)

Wilson, J. C. (James Cornelius), 1847-1934.
Fever-nursing: designed for the use of professional and other nurses, and especially as a text-book for nurses in training. By J. C. Wilson. (Philadelphia and London, J. B. Lippincott Company [1899]). 3d ed., rev. and enl.

Wise, P. M. (Peter Manuel), 1851-1907.
A text-book for training schools for nurses : including physiology and hygiene and the principles and practice of nursing / by P. M. Wise ; with an introduction by Edward Cowles. (New York : Putnam, 1898-1900 [c1896])

Tuesday, July 29, 2008

Women in medicine panel presentation: notes

For those who were unable to attend the women in medicine panel presentation on July 12 (and you missed a good one!), brief notes taken by panel moderator Sandra Assasnik are now available:

On Saturday, July 12th at the Multnomah County Central Library four very different and amazing women physicians shared their stories for the “Careers in Medicine Panel Discussion” in celebration of the Changing Face of Medicine, National Library of Medicine exhibition. Kim Chi-Vu, MD, plastic surgeon in private practice, Flora Fazeli, MD, internist for Kaiser Permanente, April Sweeney, MD, psychiatric resident at OHSU, and Stephanie J. Murphy, associate professor in the Anesthesiology and Peri-Operative Medicine (APOM) Department at OHSU and director of APOM Core Animal Laboratories all shared their stories about their careers in medicine. Sandra Assasnik, Office of Program Development and Outreach Program Manager, facilitated the discussion.

Dr. Flora Fazeli completed high school in Iran. She had to ask permission from all of her family members to pursue her education in Belgium. All her family members asked her why she was doing this. However, she was lucky, she had her mother’s support and eventually the family approved of her moving to Belgium at the age of 19. This presented new challenges to Fazeli, besides learning two new languages, French and Flemish, she had to learn how to base behaviors in another culture. She completed medical school in Belgium and a residency in radiology. She moved to the United States with her husband and engaged in research at OHSU, focusing her attentions on Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. In 1996, she had a beautiful baby girl and took time off to raise her. However, she desired to return to medical practice and in 2006, she completed residency at OHSU in internal medicine.
Dr. Fazeli said that she is often times mistaken by patients for the nurse. It has been more challenging to have a family. She said that people in the medical field have to work harder to have a family. To those considering a career in medicine, Dr. Fazeli said, “Don’t hesitate. If you want to be a doctor, you are capable of everything. It is a long path, but you can do it.”

Dr. Kim-Chi Vu was also born overseas, in Vietnam but moved with her family to the United States. After living in Knoxville, TN, she moved to Oregon with her family. Dr. Vu was a very active young woman and wanted to engage in sports, but her parents made her study instead. Despite some adolescent rebelling, she was able to receive high grades and was accepted at the University of Portland. She had no idea that she would eventually go into medicine, but her experiences as a volunteer candy striper and at a nursing home guided her into the field.
For Dr. Vu, English was a struggle to contend with. Because it was often hard for her to communicate, she gestured a lot. She said she didn’t have friends or attend parties because she just studied. She was the next to the youngest of 7 siblings and the only thing she knew was that she had to go to school. She was influenced by her parents because they challenged her, but ultimately, Dr. Vu found that she pushed herself the most. She did whatever it took to go to college. The first year she applied for medical school she did not get in; so, she worked for a year. After she was accepted to medical school, she was discouraged from surgery until she met a woman role model and mentor who was a colorectal surgeon at OHSU. Dr. Vu knew that if her mentor could become a surgeon, that she could become a surgeon too.
During general surgery residency, Dr. Vu was told not to have children until she was finished. However, during her plastic surgery residency, she had a baby. Breast feeding was probably one of the biggest challenges. She had a great attending resident who was supportive. Vu offered this advice to the audience: “Face your obstacles. Make the best out of it.” Both Fazeli and Vu seemed in agreement that you can’t let your children pay for your career in medicine.” With Fazeli, it meant taking time off to spend with her daughter, and for Vu it meant sending her children to child care. Both Fazeli and Vu agreed that having a child after residency during a career, is often even more difficult than having a child during residency.
Dr. Vu closed by offering these suggestions: “You must like it [a medical profession]! Whatever specialty you go into, you will find your path. You must be honest with yourself. Choose what you enjoy, the gratification will come. Others will be affected [negatively] if you are not happy. Take some time off. Admissions looks at you as a whole person. A well-rounded person will be a better person.”

Dr. Stephanie Murphy finished college and stumbled upon veterinary school “late in life”. She attended the University of Pennsylvania veterinary school, the oldest in the nation and simultaneously received graduate training in biochemistry at the University of Pennsylvania medical school. In the medical school, she was the only American and only one of two females. She specialized in anesthesia and neurology at the veterinary school where the class was fairly well divided between men and women. After completing these studies Dr. Murphy went on to accept a faculty position at Johns Hopkins University, and then OHSU.
Dr. Murphy received a lot of support from her parents. They reinforced the idea that she had no limits on what she could accomplish in life. In school, girls often were persuaded to study French rather than the sciences. Because of her talent in French, she was heavily pressured to choose French. Because of her mother’s support, Dr. Murphy ended up being able to study both French and biology.
Dr. Murphy shared many interesting stories about her training. On one occasion, she became acutely aware that even though her behavior was similar to her male peers' when engaging in discussions and asking questions, she was perceived negatively, as aggressive. In order to provide support to other women and slow down the high rate of turnover of women at the Penn State program, she was instrumental in developing a peer mentor program. This was a program that provided needed reassurance and helped to reduce the drop-out rate of women in the program.
Dr. Murphy is her father's primary care giver. She had sound advice for managing a busy career at 2 to 3 sites and taking care of an elderly parent, one of her suggestions was to make sure that you block time in your calendar. Give yourself a cushion for driving time. Also, make sure you block out time for a hobby or other interest and commit to that. She suggested “having an activity that is unrelated to work and make it a priority and to protect that time.” She purchased tickets to the theatre in order to keep a balance in her life. It helped her to recharge her batteries. She also suggested making long and short-term goals, being free to modify them, “it is okay to move the finish line.”

Dr. April Sweeney, self-described as the "baby" of the panel is in her second year of a 4-year psychiatric residency program at OHSU. Dr. Sweeney was born and raised in New Jersey in an Irish-Italian American family. Because of Dr. Sweeney's father's illness, she developed an interest in the brain and the nervous system. She went to Rutgers University and took both biology and anthropology classes. With this background, she applied to medical school and went to Newark, NJ, medical school. As a student, she and other women formed a coed medical group and brought in a number of speakers. This was a helpful support to Dr. Sweeney and other women who did not have female role models or female mentors in medicine.
Dr. Sweeney ended up working with underserved populations in Newark and realized that psychiatric patients are often the most vulnerable of the underserved. She likes psychiatry because so much territory is waiting to be discovered, including unknown etiologies and unknown reasons why treatments work. It also is fulfilling career considering her interest in treating people like her father. However, there were several times that Dr Sweeney debated whether or not to actually pursue psychiatry because of safety issues. April is on call frequently. She too suggested keeping balance in life. While you are on call, and being a doctor, it "squashes being whatever else you are." She said it is helpful to make time to be with partners and friends. Being in the medical profession is not a "normal life." Keeping hobbies is hard, especially if you have a hobby that must be scheduled. Dating too is difficult. Dating outside the medical profession is challenging as well. Dr. Sweeney's advice is "you must love it [a medical career]….You must get along with people." She went on to say that this career may be difficult for introverts. "Go slow, if you leave, you will go back and you will have life experience outside of a library."

Despite challenges, all the speakers said that there are advantages of being women in medicine. Some of these include:
  • As an associate professor, you may have more opportunities than men.
  • Patients like female plastic surgeons because women seem to be able to listen and empathize better.
  • Females screen for things that male colleagues don't do as well as they should, for example sexual assault screening.
  • Everyone agreed that you have to have a sense of humor to get through difficulties and it is important to have someone to talk to.
Final words of wisdom were shared. Dr. Vu said "if you work hard, your staff will appreciate it." Dr. Murphy said that in the last 5 to 10 years, researchers have paid attention to the differences that gender makes. "Finally, [researchers are] thinking about gender differences….This work will improve our patients' care." Dr. Sweeney said that she wants to work with the chronically mentally ill and to change the way that they are treated. Dr. Fazeli concluded by saying that medicine has had different faces. There are differences in the history of treatment, of clinical research, and today there is a combination of both, communicating with the patient along with research. And in this process, it becomes even more important to understand the patients' backgrounds.

Monday, July 28, 2008

Reporting the highlights

Another donation of material last Thursday brought our monthly total to a round dozen. In that batch, we received three boxes of publications, photos, and ephemera from the superseded Office of Community Relations (cousin of such former and current offices as Media Relations, Public Affairs, University Relations, et alii).

Among the wondrous and important materials were many issues of the University of Oregon Medical School's Report to the Alumni (1950-1974), which will bring our run almost to completion. One of the issues not previously included in our holdings here in HC&A was the November 1959 report, which opens with the blockbuster story of the Stubblefield twins:

In the same one-week period here at the medical school, the twins were separated, a kidney transplant was performed on 12-year-old twins, there was an experimental surgery to correct a transposition of the great vessels in a two-year-old patient, and a fifteen-year old gunshot victim was treated with renal dialysis using an artificial kidney. Years later, the director of Public Relations, J.J. Adams, was still talking about that historic week (see his 1998 oral history interview).

Also in that November issue, we see a photograph of Dean David Baird and alumna Estella Ford Warner, M.D., who had just been named a Centennial Lecturer for the Oregon state birthday celebration:

This coincidence gives me just the opening I need to remind readers that the women in medicine exhibit, Changing the Face of Medicine: Celebrating America's Women Physicians will come down on Friday of this week. You have a few more days to head down to the Collins Gallery at the Multnomah County Library to see it--don't delay!