Tuesday, March 20, 2012

Rare books meet translational science ontologists

Last week, colleagues working in the emerging field of translational science ontology visited the HOM Room. Their trip was hosted by OHSU Library's Ontology Development Group.

When a group comes to visit HC&A, I usually select materials from our collections that relate to their interests. With non-historians, my intention is to give historical context to the work they do every day. But what do you select for researchers in a field that - relatively speaking - is brand new? I decided to show of a selection of anatomy atlases, materia medica, and dictionaries from the 17th-19th centuries, all of which show how researchers have sought to represent what was known about medicine and science, and how scientific research translated into medical practice.

Above: Ontology-related rare books on display in the HOM Room

One of the highlights was a 1830s edition of Nicholas Culpeper's Complete Herbal, first published in 1653. Culpeper gathered and cataloged plants that were used for medicinal purposes. The book contains illustrations and descriptions of the plants, along with tables of their pharmaceutical uses.

Above: Title page and frontispiece of Nicholas Culpeper's Complete Herbal.

This copy has hand-colored illustrations. We also found flower specimens pressed between the pages:



Unfortunately, there were no botanists in the group to identify them! We imagined that the book's 19th-century owner came back from a walk with the specimens, looked them up in Culpeper's book, and pressed them for later reference.

Also popular was of William Cheselden's Osteographia, or, The Anatomy of the Bones. When it was first published in 1733, it was the most complete and accurate representation of the human skeleton to date.

Above: Illustration of the skeleton of a child, from Cheselden's Osteographia.

The group spent about half an hour studying, reading aloud, and laughing. It was great to see that researchers on the cutting edge of information science had such a strong connection to the ontological efforts of the past.

Monday, March 19, 2012

OHSU History of Medicine Society lecture: "Evolution in the Management of Splenic Injury"


“Evolution in the Management of Splenic Injury"

Guest speaker: Mark Malagoni, MD, FACS

Monday, April 2, 2012

Public lecture: 12:15pm
Refreshments served at noon
Location: Old Library Auditorium

Mark A. Malangoni, MD, FACS is Associate Executive Director of the American Board of Surgery and Professor of Surgery at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Dr. Malangoni received an undergraduate degree in Zoology from Indiana University and his Doctor of Medicine degree from the Indiana University School of Medicine. He is a member of the Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons and is currently a member of the Executive Committee of the Committee on Trauma of the College. Dr. Malangoni has authored or co-authored more than 170 peer-reviewed articles and 40 book chapters. His research interests include surgical infections, the management of abdominal injuries, and the pathophysiology and consequences of hemorrhagic shock and surgical education. He is a member of the editorial boards for the American Journal of Surgery, Annals of Surgery, Journal of the American College of Surgeons, Surgery, Surgical Infections, and the World Journal of Emergency Surgery. Among the numerous honors and awards he has received for teaching and professional service are the prestigious Kaiser-Permanente Award for Excellence in Teaching from Case Western Reserve University and Distinguished Service Awards from the Ohio Chapter of the American College of Surgeons and the CWRU Department of Surgery.

The lecture is free and open to the public. If you have a disability and need an accommodation to attend or participate in this event please contact Maija Anderson (503-418-2287) at least five business days prior to the event.