Friday, February 19, 2010

Friday photo: Occupational Therapy

In the 1950s, the University of Oregon Medical School's Occupational Therapy unit held an annual sale at which items made by patients were sold to raise money for the program. Here we see UOMS clinical instructor Marion Krippaehne, M.D., at a sale table in the lobby of the Administration Building (now Baird Hall) in December of 1956.

Thursday, February 18, 2010

Collective Collaboration

This afternoon, the History of Medicine Room will be the site of the annual meeting of the OHSU History of Medicine Society Steering Committee, when we will touch base on lecture series planning, get a budget update, talk about possible projects, and--of course--ooh and aah over books.

The OHSU Library's financial contribution to the Society comes not in the form of operating cash but in the printed page: each fiscal year, a small amount is set aside in a fund for the purchase of books. Selections are made with the input of the group as a whole from a short list of possibilities (I get to do all the window shopping in advance). Since 2003, this collaboration has brought four books to the History of Medicine Collection, to wit:

Bert, Paul, 1833-1886.
La pression barométrique : recherches de physiologie expérimentale / par Paul Bert ... Avec 89 figures dans le texte.
Paris : G. Masson, 1878.
Bert's classic work on the physiological effects of air pressure.

Descartes, René, 1596-1650.
Tractatus de homine, et de formatione foetus / René Descartes ; quorum prior notis perpetuis Ludovici de La Forge ... illustratur.
Amstelodami : Apud Danielem Elsevirium, 1677.
This is considered by some to be the first book on physiology.

Glisson, Francis, 1597-1677.
Anatomia hepatis. Cui praemittuntur quaedam ad rem anatomicam universe spectantia. Et ad calcem operis subjiciuntur nonnulla de lymphae-ductibus nuper repertis ...
Londini, Typis Du-Gardianis, impensis Octaviani Pullein, 1654.
The book includes the first description of the capsule of the liver, and is an important early work on the physiology of digestion.

Glisson, Francis, 1597-1677.
Tractatus de ventriculo et intestinis : cui præmittitur alius de partibus continentibus in genere & in specie de iis abdominis / auctore Francisco Glissonio.
Amstelodami : Apud Jacobum Juniorem, 1677.
In this text, the author first sets out his description of what came to be called "Glissonian irritability", which posited that tissues other than nerves have a "natural perception" that allows them to respond to irritation.

Students of medical bibliography will recognize these titles from lists like Norman's One hundred books famous in medicine and Hanlin and Martin's Heirs of Hippocrates, as well as Morton's medical bibliography (also called Garrison-Morton). They might also recognize a pattern of purchasing physiology texts; this builds on our strength in that area (just below anatomy in the collection numbers) and reflects the relative antiquity of physiology as a specialty within medicine. Will we stick with physiology in the next election? Stay tuned to find out.

Wednesday, February 17, 2010

HIPAA-free hospital views

Lately, I've discovered quite a few really excellent early photographs of scenes in the Doernbecher Memorial Hospital for Children (now called Doernbecher Children's Hospital) in a large collection of random stuff that we continue to pile through. There's one with Santa visiting the children, with a man in what appears to be standard Sami dress leading an actual reindeer. There are great shots of patients at meal times, or selecting items off the toy cart. I'd love to share them all with you here.

Alas, HIPAA prevents us from publishing any photos of patients shown full face without permission from the individual and/or the individual's family for 75 years from the death of the patient. And while Doernbecher did first open in 1926, odds are very good that most of these young patients lived well beyond 1935. It's true that most of these photos were probably taken for the purposes of publicity, but since HIPAA didn't exist back then (neither did informed consent, or many of the safeguards we've come to think of as "patients' rights"), it would be very difficult to resurrect proof of permission granted. And while we could assume that the individuals depicted would never see this blog post, or that if they did they would not take offense, we try to be as respectful as we can in dealing with those who were not here for education or a paycheck.

This morning, though, I came across a lovely shot sans patients, which shows an examination room in the hospital in the 1920s (probably; it's not dated). Enjoy!

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

UOMS Class of 1914, in their own words

I understand that some folks think everything is miscellaneous, but looking through a Subject File folder called "University of Oregon Medical School > History > Miscellaneous" turned up one rather specific and particular item. "Senior Class History" is an anonymous (or group-authored?) memoir of the University of Oregon Medical School Class of 1914.

What's special about the Class of 1914? Well, for starters, they were the first group to graduate post-merger with Willamette University's Medical Department. As the history notes: "the whirl of changes which we had seen up to the beginning of the Senior year was not destined to subside; for upon our return, we found our number increased from nine to twenty-six..." as the WUMD students were incorporated into UOMS.

Also, the group was "the first class required to present evidence of the successful completion of one year of college work" and "the first to partake of the advantages of an entire reorganization of the fundamental laboratory branches" as new faculty came on board.

The full history can be read below, and a complete list of 1914 graduates follows.

And yes, for those dying to know, there were many other not-history, not-miscellaneous items in that Subject Folder which have been resorted to other files. Because when one has flat files, one really has to choose a more descriptive moniker than Miscellany (if one hopes to find anything again). Indeed, even non-flat files benefit from concerted categorization and a semblance of sorting. Give a researcher a break: go out and tag some digital files with a few pertinent, distinct terms!

Class of 1914 (UOMS/WUMD)
Anderson, Arvid Edgar
Anderson, Elmer Everett
Blackford, Harry
Bouvy, Harry Matthew
Cashatt, Carl Edward
Dunham, George Clark
Edwards, Robert Lee
Hamilton, Charles William
Hampton, Norman Claude
Hart, Ethel Neva
Houser, Charles Dorsey
Howard, Merle George
Hoy, L. Lorraine
Joseph, Emile Caspar
Keizer, Phil John
Kinney, Alfred Earle
Larson, Carl Frederick
MacRae, Raymond D.
Miller, Robert Bruce
Moffat, Clinton Charles
Tharp, Henry Zophar
Tiedemann, Albert Williams
Vandevert, John Clinton
Van Vlerah, Clyde C.B.
Wade, Charles Benjamin
West, Melville Abbott