Thursday, April 15, 2010

Celebrating National Library Week with something old, something new

This week is National Library Week, and we here in Historical Collections & Archives are celebrating in style with three new (to the collections) old books.

The History of Medicine Collection has expanded to include three classic texts in cardiology and surgical anatomy, including Vieussens’ magnum opus on the coronary vessels (1705), Virchow on thrombosis and embolism (1856), and Camper’s nearly life-size anatomical drawings of the arm and pelvis for use by surgeons (1760-62).

Complete details on each book is below. The Vieussens title is bound with a work by Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Specimen historiae anatomicae partium corporis humani (1701). OHSU is now the only holder of any of these titles in the Pacific Northwest.

VIEUSSENS, Raymond
Novum Vasorum Corporis Humani Systema.
Amsterdam: Paul Marret, 1705. Hardcover. 24 leaves (including engraved title page), 260 pp; 1 plate.
Garrison-Morton 2729: "Vieussens was among the first to describe the morbid changes in mitral stenosis, the throbbing pulse in aortic insufficiency, and the first correctly to describe the structure of the left ventricle, the course of the coronary vessels and the valve in the large coronary vein. He was the first to diagnose thoracic aneurysm during the life of the patient. Vieussens included a classic description of the symptoms of aortic regurgitation in his book." Vieussens "promoted the idea that the coronary vessels have direct communication with the chambers of the heart. In his book, Novum Vasorum Corporis Humani Systema, he describes his experiments on the structure of the coronary vessels, using both the corrosion method and microscopic examination. He found ducts. . . . Two modes of venous drainage of the heart were considered by him: a superficial system (anterior cardiac veins of the coronary sinus), and a deeper system of veins which communicate directly with the heart chambers (p. 108)" (Leibowitz, History of Coronary Heart Disease, p. 73). Willius & Dry, History of the Heart and the Circulation, p. 75. Bedford 225 (Bedford copy lacking the dedication leaf).
Bound with: BARTHOLINUS, Caspar: Specimen Historiae Anatomicae Partium Corporis Humani. Amsterdam: Henr. Wetstenium & Rod. & Gerh. Wetstenios, 1701. 6 leaves, 244 pp; 4 plates.

VIRCHOW, Rudolf
Gesammelte Abhandlungen zur wissenschaftliche Medicin.
Frankfurt a. M.: Meidinger Sohn, 1856. xiv, 1024 pp; 45 figs..; 3 plates (1 hand-colored, 1 chromolithograph).
Garrison-Morton 3006 (“Thrombose und Embolie. Gefassentzundung und septische Infektion”): “Virchow gave the first clear description of thrombosis and embolism.” Most of this section, of over 500 pages (pp. 219-732), is comprised of material published here for the first time: “Fortsetzung und Schluss des Artikels” (pp. 294-380); “Phlogose und Thrombose im Gefasssystem” (458-636); and “Embolie und Infektion” (636-723). In addition, four publications from 1846-52 are reprinted. Willius & Dry, History of the Heart and Circulation, p. 152. Garrison-Morton 3064 (“Ueber farblose Blutkorperchen und Leukamie”): Includes his paper on ‘weisses Blut’ [Garrison-Morton 3062].” This section (pp. 147-218) reprints two other publications (1845-47), and contains two new ones (pp. 190-218), on leukemia. Rather, A Commentary on the Medical Writings of Rudolf Virchow 242-248. Osler 1629. Heirs of Hippocrates 1891.

CAMPER, Pieter
Demonstrationum Anatomico-Pathologicarum. Liber primus: continens brachii humani fabricam et morbos. Liber secundus: continens pelvis humanae fabricam et morbos.
Amsterdam: Johann. Schreuder & Petrum Mortier, Jr., 1760-62. 2 Vols. bound in 1. 3 leaves, 22, 1 leaf [index], 3 plates; 2 leaves, 22, 1 leaf [index], 5 plates.
"This is Camper's larger work and is particularly valuable. . . . The representations are nearly life-size and were designed for the practical use of surgeons. A third book had been planned to contain a representation of the base of the brain and the origins of the nerves, but was never published" (Choulant, History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration, p. 285). "Camper's plates for these anatomical and pathological books take their place alongside the illustrations prepared by the artists Lairesse and Wanderlaar for the anatomists Bidloo and Albinus. Together the achievements of these atlases represent, both scientifically and aesthetically, a high point of Dutch civilization in the eighteenth century" (Roberts & Tomlinson, Fabric of the Body, p. 341). Heirs of Hippocrates 951.

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