Wednesday, November 26, 2008

I'm thankful for...


... the protection our storage facility has provided and is providing for books over a century old.

... the care and attention of shelvers everywhere, since they help maintain books over the long term.

... pretty books.

Below are the most recent winners of the Gimme Shelter contest, which pits every deserving classic we own against the space constraints of the historical collections. These happy few will be spending their first long holiday weekend in the History of Medicine Room. The staff will not be joining them: a reminder that we're closed Nov. 27-30 for Thanksgiving.

Albers-Schönberg, Heinrich Ernst, 1865-1921.
Die Röntgentechnik; Lehrbuch für Ärzte und Studierende.
Hamburg, Gräfe & Sillem, 1903. (also transferred: the 1906 edition, shown here)
The first edition of this important work from Albers-Schönberg, a German radiologist and surgeon. 1903 was also the year in which Albers-Schonberg discovered that exposure to radiation caused damage to the reproductive glands of rabbits, and in which developed his compression diaphragm. The 1903 edition has a rather standard half leather binding, but the 1906 has a lovely art deco design on gray cloth. OHSU copy donated by Portland radiologist J.R. Raines, and bearing signature and stamp of Dr. Chr. Deetjen. GM 2496.

Cohn, Toby, 1866-1929.
Electro-diagnosis and electro-therapeutics : a guide for practitioners and students ... Translated from the 2nd German edition and ed. by Francis A. Scratchley ... with eight plates and thirty-nine illustrations.
New York and London, Funk & Wagnalls company, 1904.
Cohn was a German neurologist and psychiatrist, and student of Carl Wernicke. OHSU's copy has a presentation inscription from the translator. The book includes eight line drawings with tinted rice paper overlays, making it an early example of this type of book illustration.

Cova, Felice.
Atlas thoracoscopicon.
Mediolanum : Sperling & Kupfer (successores), 1928.
This trilingual atlas was published in 1928 in Italy by Felix Cova, with a preface by Jacobaeus. It describes several common conditions of the lung and pleura and carefully illustrated the Jacobaeus operation. Some plates, again, with paper overlays. The work is now apparently quite scarce. OHSU copy lacking Tavola II.

Crile, George Washington, 1864-1943.
Hemorrhage and transfusion : an experimental and clinical research.
New York : Appleton and Co., 1909.
Crile made many important contributions to our understanding of shock. OHSU copy with signature of A.W. Baird. GM 4808.

Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939.
Papers relating to the pituitary body, hypothalamus and parasympathetic nervous system.
Springfield, Ill., Thomas, 1932.
"This volume contains Dr. Cushing's four principal contributions on pituitary-hypothalamic interrelationships: (1) the first is his Lister Memorial Lecture, 'Neurohypophysial mechanisms from a clinical standpoint,'...The lecture as originally published in the Lancet was abbreviated and illustrations were omitted. The present reprint contains the full text with 24 halftone illustrations. (2) The second section contains the series of eight [papers].... which appeared under the general title 'Posterior pituitary hormones and the parasympathetic nervous system."... (3) The third section is a reprint of Dr. Cushing's original description of the syndrome of pituitary basophilism which is now widely referred to as 'the Cushing syndrome.' It also includes the Addendum on pituitary basophilism. (4) The fourth section, 'Peptic ulcer and the interbrain' is [a reprint]...of the Balfour Lecture. It contains a colored illustration showing haemorrhagic erosions and perforation of the stomach. An edition of 1775 copies was issued." Cushing Biblio, 20. OHSU copy with stamp of early Portland electrocardiologist Homer P. Rush.

Dandy, Walter Edward, 1886-1946.
Benign tumors in the third ventricle of the brain: diagnosis and treatment.
Springfield, Ill., Baltimore, Md., C.C. Thomas [c1933]
First edition of Dandy's classic work, describing 21 cases. OHSU copy with signature of A.J. McLean, M.D., and a typescript of McLean's review of the book tipped in at end.

Dejerine, J. (Joseph), 1849-1917.
Sémiologie des affections du système nerveux.
Paris, Masson, 1914.
Dejerine is widely considered to be the most important successor to Charcot at the Salpetriere. He was a great clinical neurologist, and his works--including this one--are still used today. OHSU copy donated by John Brady. GM 3966.

De Lee, Joseph B. (Joseph Bolivar), 1869-1942.
The principles and practice of obstetrics ... with 913 illustrations, 150 of them in colors.
Philadelphia and London, W. B. Saunders Co., 1913.
First edition of this text from the prominent obstetrician De Lee, who established the first "incubator station" for premature babies at the Chicago Lying-In Hospital in 1898. OHSU copy with the signature of Harry C. Blair.

Drake, Daniel, 1785-1852.
An inaugural discourse on medical education delivered at the opening of the Medical College of Ohio in Cincinnati, 11 November 1820 ; with an introduction by Emmet Field Horine.
New York : Schuman, c1951.
Limited edition reprint of the 1820 original, an early work by one of the first great physicians in the West. When it opened in Cincinnati in 1820, the Medical College of Ohio was only the second medical school west of the Alleghenies, with an inaugural class of twenty-four students. Speaking at the opening of the medical college he founded, Dr. Daniel Drake discusses the various branches of medicine, their contributions to society, the importance of Cincinnati as a growing metropolitcan center, and the need for higher standards in medical education. The text is prefaced by a memorial from Drake to the General Assembly of Ohio pleading for continued and increased funding for his institution. Drake was the founder and president of the Medical College of Ohio, though his tenure at the college was a short and stormy one, as the faculty tried to expel him in 1822, and Drake left the school shortly thereafter.

Ghon, Anton.
The primary lung focus of tuberculosis in children.
London, J.A. Churchill, 1916.
First English edition of this work, in which Ghon describes the anatomical distribution and development of the lesions in pulmonary tuberculosis in children. OHSU copy donated by Ralph C. Matson, prominent tuberculosis specialist, with his signature. GM 2970.

Golgi, Camillo, 1843-1926.
Opera omnia.
Milano, Ulrico Hoepli, 1903.
Complete works to date, issued 1903 years before he was awarded, along with Ramon y Cajal, the Nobel for studies of the structure of the nervous system. Vol. 1: Istologie normale, 1870-1883 -- v. 2: Istologia normale, 1883-1902 -- v. 3: Patologia generale e isto-patologia, 1868-1894.

Guthrie, Charles Claude, b. 1880.
Blood vessel surgery and its applications.
London : Edward Arnold ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co., 1912.
This book describes Guthrie's pioneering work in tissue and organ transplantation. Guthrie performed classic experiments with Alexis Carrel on the transplantation of tissues and helped develop the field of vascular surgery. GM 5756.6.

Hammer, William Joseph, 1858-1934.
Radium, and other radio-active substances; polonium, actinium, and thorium, with a consideration of phosphorescent and fluorescent substances, the properites and applications of selenium and the treatment of disease by the ultra-violet light.
New York, D. Van Nostrand company, 1903.
Hammer was the first to recommend radium for use in cancer treatment. He also invented luminous radium preparations used in watch dials, clocks and other instruments. Hammer was an assistant to Thomas Edison, later Chief Engineer of the Boston Edison Company, Edison"s representative at the Paris Exposition of 1889, and made an discovery that led to the electron tube. His work preceded Marie Curie's Recherches sur les substances radioactives by a year. OHSU copy donated by J.R. Raines, with presentation inscription from author to Frank E. Miller, and signature of Otto Glasser.

Harvey, William, 1578-1657.
The anatomical exercises / of Dr. William Harvey. De motu cordis 1628: De circulatione sanguinis 1649: The first English text of 1653 now newly edited by Geoffrey Keynes.
London : The Nonesuch press, [1928]
A lovely piece from the heyday of the Nonesuch Press. This volume contains the first English text of 1653, edited by Geoffrey Keynes. The volume contains two works, De Motu Cordis, 1628, and De Circulatione Sanguinis, 1649. This volume was issued in 1450 copies, to celebrate the tercentenary of the first publication of De Motu Cordis. OHSU copy with bookplate of Laurence Selling.

His, Wilhelm, 1831-1904.
Die Entwickelung des menschlichen Gehirns während der ersten Monate.
Leipzig : S. Hirzel, 1904.
His is considered to be the father of histogenesis. After qualifying for the M.D. degree at Basel in 1855, he became an instructor in histology before his appointment in 1857 as professor of anatomy and physiology at the university. In 1872 he moved to Leipzig to became professor of anatomy and head of the Institute of Anatomy. OHSU copy donated by W.F. "Pop" Allen, with his stamp.

The Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia : benefactors, alumni, hospital, etc., its founders, officers, instructors, 1826-1904 : a history / edited by George M. Gould.
New York : Lewis, 1904.
A testament to the insatiable collecting habits of our first Librarian, this lovely set, with its gilt foredges and heavy (heavy) bindings has weathered numerous collection moves well. Included are photographs and biographical information on many of the notable names in medicine from Philadelphia.

King, E. S. J. (Edgar Samuel John), 1900-
Surgery of the heart.
Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1941.
A nice copy of this first edition, which contains a good deal of historical material as well as clinical information. OHSU copy with presentation inscription from Ralph C. Matson to the University-State Tuberculosis Hospital, Dec. 1943. GM 2783.

Krogh, August, 1874-1949.
The anatomy and physiology of capillaries.
New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1922.
The better of two copies of this important work on blood flow through the capillaries from the 1920 Nobelist Krogh. GM 793.

Lower, Richard, 1631-1691.
De catarrhis, 1672. Reproduced in facsimile and for the first time translated from the original Latin, together with a bibliographical analysis, by Richard Hunter and Ida Macalpine.
London, Dawsons, 1963.
A third facsimile of a Lower work comes into Historical Collections & Archives (no originals in house, yet), this being the work in which Lower showed that nasal mucus did not originate in the brain.

Nascher, I. L. (Ignatz Leo), 1863-
Geriatrics : the diseases of old age and their treatment, including physiological old age, home and institutional care, and medico-legal relations ... with an introduction by A. Jacobi, M.D. With 50 plates containing 81 illustrations.
Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., [c1914]
The first modern treatment of geriatrics from the man who coined the term. I find it interesting that the introduction is provided by Abraham Jacobi, father of pediatrics. GM 1641.1.

Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919.
Lectures on angina pectoris and allied states.
New York : D. Appleton and Company, 1901, c1897.
It's Osler. Enough said.

Turner, William Aldren, 1864-1945.
Epilepsy : a study of the idiopathic disease.
London : Macmillan, 1907.
This fundamental monograph on epilepsy was based on a series of earlier, rather heavily statistical, personal publications dealing with various aspects of the disorder. OHSU copy with signature of Laurence Selling.

Ulmann, Doris, d. 1934.
A book of portraits of the faculty of the Medical Department of the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins Press, 1922.
A rather nice copy (all things considered) of this rare volume by one of the leading female photographers of the 20th century.

United States. Surgeon-General's Office.
Report on the origin and spread of typhoid fever in U. S. military camps during the Spanish War of 1898 / by Walter Reed, Victor C. Vaughan, and Edward O. Shakespeare.
Washington : Govt. Print. Off., 1904.
Two-volume set, with numerous maps and charts--including metereological data and military camp layouts.

Tuesday, November 25, 2008

The Case for Family Medicine

Newly received: the transcript of the oral history interview with Dr. Laurel G. Case, M.D., retired general practitioner, founder and former chair of the OHSU Dept. of Family Medicine, and past president of the Oregon Academy of Family Physicians.

Dr. Case received his M.D. from the University of Kansas in 1949. After a stint in the Navy and few years of general practice in Kansas, Dr. Case moved with his family to Medford, OR, in 1955. In 1969, Dr. Case relocated to Portland, becoming the first chair of the new Dept. of Family Medicine at the University of Oregon Medical School. Under his direction, the department began a residency program; the first residents entered the program in 1971 and the University's family practice residency served as the state's only residency in the field until 1994. He served as a member of the Advisory Council established to assist in the formation of the University of Oregon Health Sciences Center, which incorporated the schools of medicine, nursing, and dentistry into one university. Dr. Case was also the first medical director of the Physician Evaluation, Education, & Renewal Program of the Oregon Medical Association.

In his interview, conducted as part of the history of medicine in Oregon documentary project, Case takes listeners from his earliest years in Kansas to his predictions of medicine in 2025. In two excerpts below, we hear about the infamous Dust Bowl storms of the 1930s and about Case's decision to enter medicine:
Case: I started to high school at Little River, Kansas, at the same town where I was born in the hospital. And I went there, I started there as a freshman in let’s see, what was it? Hmm, well, anyway, I graduated in 1940. So it had to be like ’36, you might say. Four years. The only thing is that I didn’t finish there because we had dust storms in Kansas. And we lived during that time when we had no rain for a number of years, and the wind would kick up dust storms from Oklahoma and bring them up to Kansas. It was sort of like dumping snow on top of a fence row. Only it was dust, all dust, instead of snow. And we had those for oh, about two years. We had no rain for two years. And so it was a little bit difficult.

And so my parents decided to move to Eastern Kansas, because they didn’t have all these dust storms. They had good crops and fields and trees. We had flat, just flat Kansas soil, most of which ended up in our house during that period. [laughs] So it was not really a pleasant kind of life at that time. However, we did move when I was a sophomore or a junior, the middle of my junior year, we moved to Eastern Kansas. And I transferred to the high school at Osage City, Kansas, which is about fifty miles south of Topeka. And down there we had a river on our farm, and lots of trees, and no dust. [laughter] It was fun.
********************************************
Kronenberg: What made you decide to want to be a doctor? What factors were involved?

Case: Well, I think, it’s hard to know for sure whether what happened is the reason why I ended up going in medicine or not. But when I was in grade school, probably seven years old, my father had a heart attack out on his farm. And we had, the doctor, in fact, the doctor that delivered me was still practicing in that little town. And he came out to the house to see my dad. And it happened to be on the day, two days before Christmas. And he was in bed. And he came out and saw him and left, and left medicine for him. And he didn’t get along very well.
And after maybe a few weeks in bed at home with my mother trying to take care of him, she called to see if the doctor would come out again and look at him, because she was worried about him. So he said to her, “Well, I trust that you will have the money to pay me for this.” And she didn’t. And he didn’t come.

And there was another doctor there in that same town, a newer doctor, and a younger. And so my mother called him and he came right out. Didn’t even mention anything about the pay. And he made house calls after that until my dad was better. And he got well. He recovered completely. So everything turned out fine.

But I was just at a very impressioned age, at an age where I was very, very worried about my dad. Maybe six, seven years old. And somehow or other my mind took that in. I just couldn’t believe that somebody would refuse to take care of a sick patient because they didn’t have the money to pay for it. And that’s when I started my heading toward medicine. And I never varied from it from that point on.

Monday, November 24, 2008

The eponymous Emma Jones


A question last week about the woman after whom OHSU's Emma Jones Hall is named revealed a surprising lack of documentation about the early superintendent of nursing at Multnomah County Hospital.

We did uncover one photograph of Mrs. Jones, in a group portrait of the hospital's nursing staff taken in 1917. She is shown wearing the distinctive cap of the nursing school at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, whence she graduated following the death of her husband. In 1917, Jones came to Portland and took a position at the county hospital, becoming superintendent in 1919 at the departure of the nurses unit of the 46th Base Hospital, headed by then superintendent Grace Phelps. Jones remained on staff at MCH until 1944, when she retired and moved back to Chicago.

According to the School of Nursing Class of 1943, the building now known as Emma Jones Hall was so named "In consideration of Mrs. Jones’ long service here and her innumerable contributions in instigating, planning, and attaining, a home for nurses..."

If any community members have additional information about Emma Jones or her work here in Portland, we'd love to hear from you.