Monday, November 10, 2008

Gimme Shelter: round two

Round two of cherry picking notable titles from the circulating collections for transfer into the historical book collections was simultaneously more and less successful than the first trip undertaken last week (thumbs-down: walk, tram, walk, only to discover I had forgotten the key; thumbs-up: brought a big box and arranged a ride back up the hill).

On this week's Most Wanted list:

Campbell, Alfred Walter.
Histological studies on the localisation of cerebral function.
Cambridge, University Press, 1905.
First Edition of Campbell’s magnum opus. His map of the human brain was reproduced in many subsequent textbooks on neuroanatomy. The precentral area of the cerebral cortex is known as "Campbell's area." G-M 1430. Garrison, History of Neurology, p.178.

Cullen, Thomas Stephen, 1868-1953.
Embryology, anatomy, and diseases of the umbilicus together with diseases of the urachus / Illustrated by Max Brodel.
Philadelphia : London : Saunders, 1916.
In which is first described "Cullen's sign," a bluish discoloration of the periumbilical skin (periumbilical cyanosis and grid cyanosis) due to subcutaneous intraperitoneal haemorrhage.

Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939.
Intracranial tumours; notes upon a series of two thousand verified cases with surgical-mortality percentges pertaining thereto.
Springfield, Ill., Baltimore, Md., C.C. Thomas, 1932.
OHSU copy: Presented by A.J. McLean, M.D., with his signature. Printed slip tipped in: With Dr. Cushing's compliments, dated 3-15-32. Typescript tipped in to rear endpaper, McLean's review of the book.
Cushing (1869-1939) was the principal pioneer in neurologic surgery in the United States, particularly in the broad field of intracranial tumors. He took full responsibility for diagnosis, localization, treatment, verification of pathology, and follow-up of his patients. In this book he documents his extraordinary achievement of reducing surgical mortality from almost 100 percent to less than 10 percent. (DSB, Cushing Soc. Bibliography 16, GM 4900). As a side note, McLean boasted of similar results.

Meningiomas, their classification, regional behavior, life history and surgical end results / by Harvey Cushing...with the collaboration of Louise Eisenhardt...
Springfield, Ill. ; Baltimore : Thomas, 1938.
“The present treatise was commenced in 1915 soon after the completion of his volume on the pituitary disorders, and it therefore represents nearly twenty-five years of work; by common consent it is regarded as Dr. Cushing’s greatest clinical monograph. It is the embodiment of all the things he has stood for during his career as a clinician; his painstaking case records and photographs, his unusual artistic ability evident in his own numerous operative sketches, and his extraordinary knowledge of the day to day life of his patients.” [Harvey Cushing Society].

Tumors of the nervus acusticus and the syndrome of the cerebellopontile angle, by Harvey Cushing.
Philadelphia, London, W. B. Saunders company, 1917.
OHSU copy presented by the children of Dr. Kenneth A.J. Mackenzie.
"This treatise was an outgrowth of a chapter on 'endothelioms' of the cerebellopontile angle which had been intended for the monograph on meningiomas (not completed until 1938)." "The monograph was important for several reasons. It was the first detailed account that he had given of a special group of intracranial tumours other than the pituitary, and it also recorded the progress that had occurred in neurosurgical technique since 1908." "This book consists primarily of detailed and well-illustrated case histories of patients with surgically challenging lesions of the brain stem. It reveals the carefully documented case histories Cushing kept and the self-discipline with which he worked." "The book was received almost as enthusiastically as had been the pituitary monograph. One British review may be cited: " ..... It is not only the practical achievement of the reduction of an operative mortality from an average elsewhere and everywhere of 70 per cent under 14 per cent in his own clinic that compels admiration; but further, it is the picture presented of vision and courage in the face of overwhelming difficulties and disappointments, recognizing failures with fearless honesty, rectifying them with consummate judgement and skill, and finally achieving the triumph so modestly set forth in these pages". Garrison & Morton No.4601; Courville No.528; Heirs of Hippocrates, 1161; Fulton, pp.410-411; Walker No.498; HC 3

Ehrlich, Paul, 1854-1915.
Die experimentelle Chemotherapie der Spirillosen (Syphilis, R ückfallfieber, Hühnerspirillose, Frambösie) von Paul Ehrlich und S. Hata
Berlin, J. Springer, 1910.
Ehrlich's crowning achievement was his discovery of Salvarsan, the "magic bullet" that marks the beginning of chemotherapy. Early in his career, Ehrlich had performed an intensive series of experiments on the differential staining of bacteria, which would take up aniline dyes while surrounding tissues remained unaffected. It was from the results of these experiments that Ehrlich conceived his idea of a magic bullet; i.e., a drug that could seek out and destroy invading micro-organisms without harming healthy tissue. Ehrlich's subsequent discovery of the syphilis-specific Salvarsan was rooted in two important events: In 1905 Schaudinn and Hoffmann discovered the spirochete of syphilis, and Thomas and Breinl discovered that atoxyl, an arsenic derivative, was capable of curing rodents infected with Trypanosoma equinum, a micro-organism that caused diseases similar to spirochetal infections in humans. Acting upon these discoveries, Ehrlich and his assistant Hata began synthesizing and testing hundreds of derivative compounds in the search for one that would kill the maximum number of spirochetes without damaging the organism. In 1909 Ehrlich and Hata finally achieved success with the 606th experimental compound, patented under the name "Salvarsan" and later known as arsphenamine; in modified form, the drug remained the mainstay of syphilis treatment until the discovery of penicillin. During the time Ehrlich was working on his magic bullet, he and Metchnikoff received the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for their fundamental contributions to immunology; after Ehrlich's discovery of Salvarsan, he was nominated for both the 1912 and 1913 Nobel Prizes for his chemotherapy work. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Magill, The Nobel Prize Winners: Physiology or Medicine, pp. 118-26. Norman 686. Norman /Grolier Medical Hundred 92.

Garrod, Archibald E. (Archibald Edward), Sir, 1857-1936.
Inborn errors of metabolism.
London : Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1923.
2nd ed.
The second, expanded edition of Garrod's classic work, in which he demonstrated that "constitutional variation in function, as well as in structure, can give rise to what he termed 'chemical malformations'--alcaptonuria, cystinuria, pentosuria, etc."--GM 3415.

Mackenzie, James, Sir, 1853-1925.
The study of the pulse, arterial, venous, and hepatic, and of the movements of the heart.
Edinburgh, London, Y.J. Pentland, 1902.
OHSU copy with signature of A.D. MacKenzie, 1903.
"In his classical monograph Mackenzie included a description and illustration of his polygraph, with which he made simultaneous tracings of the pulse, apex beat, etc." "Mackenzie's classic work on the pulse marked the end of the 'Ars Sphygmica' of ancient Sphygmology." Bedford 67.

Monakow, Constantin von, 1853-1930.
Die Lokalisation im Grosshirn : und der Funktion durch kortikale Herde.
Wiesbaden : Verlag von J.F. Bergmann, 1914.
Monakow (1853–1930), director of the Brain Anatomy Institute in Zurich, was a pioneer in the early history of interdisciplinary brain sciences. The elucidation of connectivity in sensory and motor pathways was richly illustrated in two landmark monographs: Gehirnpathologie (1897) and Die Lokalisation im Grosshirn (1914).

Mondino dei Luzzi, d. 1326.
Anatomies de Mondino dei Luzzi et de Guido de Vigevano.
Paris : E. Droz, c1926.
Mondino systemized dissection and in 1315 published a manual called Anathomia (also known as De Anatome) which, due to the clarity of its text, became the literature of choice in nearly all European medical schools for three centuries after his time, running to a dozen or so editions, with successive commentaries by Achillini, Berengario and Johann Dryander. It became such an authority that anything not represented was declared anomalous. Guido was one of the first to add drawings of organs to his anatomical descriptions.

Penfield, Wilder, 1891-
Epilepsy and cerebral localization; a study of the mechanism, treatment and prevention of epileptic seizures.
Springfield, Ill., Baltimore, Md., C. C. Thomas, 1941.
1st ed.
OHSU copy extra-illustrated with diagram from Montreal Neurological Institute. Signature of Berk B. Strowger, Montreal, 1942.
In the 1940s and 1950s, Penfield and his associates defined the anatomical and pathological features of temporal lobe seizures originating in mesial temporal structures, pioneering the technique of systematic electrical stimulation at various points of the cerebral cortex in the surgical treatment of focal epilepsy. The procedure required that the patients remain conscious, receiving only local anaesthesia. The patient's so responses to Penfield's gentle applications of current enabled Penfield to identify, in many cases, the precise location of the damaged brain tissues that were causing epileptic seizures. As he did this he was able to map areas of the brain in terms of their respective functions. This new surgical approach, with anterior temporal lobectomy including removal of the amygdala and hippocampus, became known as the "Montreal Procedure."

Ramón y Cajal, Santiago, 1852-1934.
Degeneration & regeneration of the nervous system.
London : Oxford University Press., 1928.
"The most complete work on the subject so far written"--GM 666. Ramón y Cajal was awarded the Nobel in 1906.

Histologie du systeme nerveux de l'homme & des vertebres / par S. Ramon Cajal. Ed. francaise rev. & mise a jour par l'auteur ; Traduite de l'espagnol par L. Azoulay.
Paris : A. Maloine, 1909-1911.
OHSU copy donated by W.F. Allen.
"One of the greatest histologists of all time. He devised many staining methods for nervous tissue and did work of fundamental importance to neuro-anatomy."--GM 1304

Sherrington, Charles Scott, Sir, 1857-1952.
The integrative action of the nervous system.
New York, C Scribner's sons, 1906.
“This work stands as the true foundation of modern neurophysiology; it is considered by Fulton to rank in importance with Harvey’s De motu cordis, while Walshe asserts that it holds a postion in physiology similar to Newton’s Principia in physics” (Garrison-McHenry p.228). Sherrington proposes that the duty of the nervous system is to coordinate the functions of the various parts of the organism and that reflexes are simple expressions of the integrative action of the nervous system, allowing the whole body to function toward one definite end. Cf: Garrison-Morton 1432; Heirs of Hippocrates 2198; PMM 397.

Testut, Léo, 1849-1925.
Anatomia umana (anatomia descrittiva - istologia - sviluppo).
Torino : Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, 1943-1945.
Ristampa stereotipa della 3. ed. italiana del 1921, riv. e corr. da aggiunte originali, dal Prof. Giuseppe Sperino.
A personal favorite. Can you imagine the cultural factors that came in to play in the production and sales of this 11 volume work in wartime Italy? "He contributed with over 90 publications on anatomy, anthropology, prehistory and history, but his most noteworthy achievement has been as author of Traité d'anatomie humaine a complete well written and illustrated work of anatomy composed of 4 volumes that continues to be used in many countries to the present day. The illustrations present in this book continues to be a major source of reference to other anatomy books. It is popularly known in medical schools where it is considered the standard anatomy textbook, that he recollected the material published from personal notes and drawings after having failed anatomy exams several times during medical school until he finally passed."--Wikipedia

Wenckebach, Karl Friedrich, 1864-1940.
Die unregelmässige herztätigkeit.
Leipzig, W. Engelmann, 1927.
Wenckebach was the first to demonstrate in this book the value of quinine (“Wenckebach’s pills”) in the treatment of paroxysmal fibrillation, and he established the clinical basis for its use in cardiac therapeutics. The same work contains a number of excellent descriptions of various forms of cardiac arrhythmia. GM 2844. See also Willius & Dry p. 343.

Williams, J. Whitridge (John Whitridge), 1866-1931.
Obstetrics : a textbook for the use of students and practitioners.
New York and London : Appleton, c1903.
1st ed.
The first of a long line of editions, now simply referred to as Williams' Obstetrics. A landmark in the development of scientific obstetrics in America, this volume includes 8 colored plates and 630 text illustrations. "The first American textbook to present the subject as an academic discipline and to emphasize its vast potential for research. Williams' book aroused great interest in research in reproductive biology and did much to establish the specialty as a medical science." Lawrence Longo, TSCPP (1981).

(And, a quick thanks to John Doe, who pointed out that I did, in fact, mean June 2009 when mentioning the date of the storage move from its current location to a site yet TBD.)

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